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Banned in greater than 60 countries, carcinogenic material still widely utilized in developing countries

RiauJOS. com, Jakarta - The symptoms were mild and seemingly innocuous initially : mostly coughing and fatigue. However it wasn’t long before Sriyono got a grim diagnosis he‘d asbestosis an incurable scarring from the lungs that often results in cancer. 

It was eventually caused by decades of inhaling asbestos fibres in the factory in which the 44-year-old still works outside the sprawling capital Jakarta. 

“There would be a sense of shock, ” said the rail-thin Sriyono, who like many Indonesians goes by one name. 

“There was no information telling us that asbestos could cause diseases like cancer when I got straight into the industry, ” he told journalists. 

The soft-spoken father of three is that the first person to succeed compensation for exposure to asbestos in Southeast Asia’s biggest economy perhaps one of the world’s top consumers of the toxic material blamed for longer than 100, 000 annual deaths globally. 

He was awarded 57 million rupiah (Dh15, 426 ; $4, 200 ) by the govt in 2012, and he might not be the final : an area NGO is pushing for compensation in 15 similar cases. 

Asbestos fibres that lodge inside the lungs can cause diseases including lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestosis, based on the World Health Organisation (WHO ). 

Banned in greater than 60 countries, including all members from the EU, the carcinogenic material remains widely utilized in developing countries for construction, textiles, brake pads and cheap insulation. 

Canada, when the world’s top producer of asbestos, announced a ban last year, but other countries, including Russia and India, have resisted global efforts to outlaw it. 
‘Very high levels’ 

And asbestos use shows no sign of waning in Asia’s emerging economies, said Ken Takahashi, director from the Asbestos Diseases Research Institute (ADRI ) in the University of Sydney. 

“The consumption during these countries remains at a really higher level, exposing many workers and, momentually, as they simply go straight into the market and community there is that the potential to expose the general population also, ” he said. 

Asia now accounts for longer than 60 per cent of world asbestos consumption. 

Indonesia’s use from the material grew by nearly six times from 1990 through 2012 when it peaked at an all-time high of 161, 823 metric tons before slipping to 109, 000 metric tons in 2014, based on the latest data coming from the United States Geological Survey (USGS ). 

For a long time, Sriyono toiled away producing gland packing, which uses asbestos to seal systems for example pumps and shafts. He was never warned his health was at risk and Didn‘t wear safety equipment that can have kept him safe. 

This limited awareness in regards to the health hazards of asbestos is distinctive over the archipelago nation of greater than 17, 000 islands, while poor work safety standars compound the masalah, health experts said. 

“They let people apply it which means that individuals don’t believe it is dangerous, ” said Dr Anna Suraya, coming from the Occupational Doctors Association of Indonesia. 

There aren‘t any definitive profiles on the amount of Indonesian workers directly exposed to asbestos. 
The Indonesia Asbestos Ban Network (INA-BAN ) estimates a minimum of 4, 000 individuals are directly involved inside the manufacturing of asbestos products, but that doesn‘t include contract along with other non-permanent employees or construction workers. 

Additionally doesn‘t take into akun the chance of secondary exposure among workers’ families as people may bring asbestos fibres home with these on the hands, hair, clothes, shoes or on tools. 

Nearly 180 Indonesian companies impor asbestos either like a raw material or finished product. 

Major usage 

Since it is cheap and durable, the national statistics agency estimates asbestos is found in about 10 per cent of homes for roofing. Additionally it may be found in schools, markets and hospitals, activists say. 

Indonesia has brought some steps to minimise the impact with exposure limits and work safety regulations, but enforcement is haphazard and medical expertise in detecting asbestos-related disease remains low. 

Jakarta, however, Isn‘t mulling an outright ban, saying it’s focusing instead on getting the term out in regards to the health risks. 

“We’ve already started awareness-raising programmes, but in fact Indonesia is extremely big so we need to do it gradually, ” said Kartini Rustandi, director of occupational health and sports in the ministry of health. 

That worries some who warn that Indonesia is really a public health time bomb and will suffer the fate of a couple developed nations which are awash in asbestos-related lawsuits. 

AFP

Indonesia Sitting on Asbestos ‘Time Bomb’



Banned in greater than 60 countries, carcinogenic material still widely utilized in developing countries

RiauJOS. com, Jakarta - The symptoms were mild and seemingly innocuous initially : mostly coughing and fatigue. However it wasn’t long before Sriyono got a grim diagnosis he‘d asbestosis an incurable scarring from the lungs that often results in cancer. 

It was eventually caused by decades of inhaling asbestos fibres in the factory in which the 44-year-old still works outside the sprawling capital Jakarta. 

“There would be a sense of shock, ” said the rail-thin Sriyono, who like many Indonesians goes by one name. 

“There was no information telling us that asbestos could cause diseases like cancer when I got straight into the industry, ” he told journalists. 

The soft-spoken father of three is that the first person to succeed compensation for exposure to asbestos in Southeast Asia’s biggest economy perhaps one of the world’s top consumers of the toxic material blamed for longer than 100, 000 annual deaths globally. 

He was awarded 57 million rupiah (Dh15, 426 ; $4, 200 ) by the govt in 2012, and he might not be the final : an area NGO is pushing for compensation in 15 similar cases. 

Asbestos fibres that lodge inside the lungs can cause diseases including lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestosis, based on the World Health Organisation (WHO ). 

Banned in greater than 60 countries, including all members from the EU, the carcinogenic material remains widely utilized in developing countries for construction, textiles, brake pads and cheap insulation. 

Canada, when the world’s top producer of asbestos, announced a ban last year, but other countries, including Russia and India, have resisted global efforts to outlaw it. 
‘Very high levels’ 

And asbestos use shows no sign of waning in Asia’s emerging economies, said Ken Takahashi, director from the Asbestos Diseases Research Institute (ADRI ) in the University of Sydney. 

“The consumption during these countries remains at a really higher level, exposing many workers and, momentually, as they simply go straight into the market and community there is that the potential to expose the general population also, ” he said. 

Asia now accounts for longer than 60 per cent of world asbestos consumption. 

Indonesia’s use from the material grew by nearly six times from 1990 through 2012 when it peaked at an all-time high of 161, 823 metric tons before slipping to 109, 000 metric tons in 2014, based on the latest data coming from the United States Geological Survey (USGS ). 

For a long time, Sriyono toiled away producing gland packing, which uses asbestos to seal systems for example pumps and shafts. He was never warned his health was at risk and Didn‘t wear safety equipment that can have kept him safe. 

This limited awareness in regards to the health hazards of asbestos is distinctive over the archipelago nation of greater than 17, 000 islands, while poor work safety standars compound the masalah, health experts said. 

“They let people apply it which means that individuals don’t believe it is dangerous, ” said Dr Anna Suraya, coming from the Occupational Doctors Association of Indonesia. 

There aren‘t any definitive profiles on the amount of Indonesian workers directly exposed to asbestos. 
The Indonesia Asbestos Ban Network (INA-BAN ) estimates a minimum of 4, 000 individuals are directly involved inside the manufacturing of asbestos products, but that doesn‘t include contract along with other non-permanent employees or construction workers. 

Additionally doesn‘t take into akun the chance of secondary exposure among workers’ families as people may bring asbestos fibres home with these on the hands, hair, clothes, shoes or on tools. 

Nearly 180 Indonesian companies impor asbestos either like a raw material or finished product. 

Major usage 

Since it is cheap and durable, the national statistics agency estimates asbestos is found in about 10 per cent of homes for roofing. Additionally it may be found in schools, markets and hospitals, activists say. 

Indonesia has brought some steps to minimise the impact with exposure limits and work safety regulations, but enforcement is haphazard and medical expertise in detecting asbestos-related disease remains low. 

Jakarta, however, Isn‘t mulling an outright ban, saying it’s focusing instead on getting the term out in regards to the health risks. 

“We’ve already started awareness-raising programmes, but in fact Indonesia is extremely big so we need to do it gradually, ” said Kartini Rustandi, director of occupational health and sports in the ministry of health. 

That worries some who warn that Indonesia is really a public health time bomb and will suffer the fate of a couple developed nations which are awash in asbestos-related lawsuits. 

AFP